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Cataclysmic 'Super Eruption' MUCH Closer Than Thought
Topic Started: Nov 30 2017, 02:08 AM (7 Views)
The Whether Man
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We may be much nearer to a cataclysmic volcanic 'super-eruption' than previously thought, warns new research.

That is the conclusion of Bristol University scientists after analysing a database of geological records dated within the last 100,000 years.

They discovered the average time between so-called volcanic super-eruptions is actually much less than previously understood.

Volcanoes and 'bolides' - such as asteroids - are geohazards powerful enough to be destructive on a global scale.

One recent assessment described them as capable of returning humanity to a 'pre-civilisation' state.

The largest explosive eruptions are termed 'super-eruptions', and produce in excess of 1,000 gigatons of erupted mass - enough to blanket an entire continent with volcanic ash, and change global weather patterns for decades.

Researchers at Bristol's Schools of Earth Sciences and Mathematics estimated how often the largest explosive eruptions happen.

Their analysis indicates that the average time between super-eruptions is only slightly longer than the age of our civilisation - dating from the Agricultural Revolution 12,000 years ago.

Professor Jonathan Rougier said: "The previous estimate, made in 2004, was that super-eruptions occurred on average every 45 to 714 thousand years, comfortably longer than our civilisation.

"But in our paper just published, we re-estimate this range as 5.2 to 48 thousand years, with a best guess value of 17 thousand years."

According to geological records, the two most recent super-eruptions were between 20 and 30 thousand years ago.

Prof Rougier added: "On balance, we have been slightly lucky not to experience any super-eruptions since then.

"But it is important to appreciate that the absence of super-eruptions in the last 20 thousand years does not imply that one is overdue. Nature is not that regular.

"What we can say is that volcanoes are more threatening to our civilisation than previously thought."

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